Most Widely Used French Verbs and Their Conjugation (2023)

The three words that make most French learners shudder: “French verbs conjugation.” We get it.

French isn’t exactly known for its easy grammar and French verb conjugation rules can give even the most seasoned language learners a headache. To help you out, we’ve created a French verb conjugation list, complete with examples and bonus grammar tips. We focus on the most common French verbs and their conjugations in four tenses: présent (present), passé composé (present perfect), imparfait (imperfect), and futur simple (future).

When you get the hang of these and equip yourself with some basic French vocabulary, there’ll be no stopping you!

Common French verbs conjugation table

Conjugating verbs correctly is integral to successful communication. Even if you’re a pro at French question words, nouns, and pronouns, it’s difficult to express oneself confidently if you’re not confident in your French verb conjugations.

To set you up, here are the 20 most common French verbs conjugations, examples of their use in everyday life, and grammar tips.

1. Être(to be)

Présent (Present)Passé composé (Present perfect)Imparfait (Imperfect)Futur simple (Future)
Je suisJ’ai étéJ’étaisJe serai
Tu esTu as étéTu étaisTu seras
Il/elle estIl/elle a étéIl/elle étaitIl/elle sera
Nous sommesNous avons étéNous étionsNous serons
Vous êtesVous avez étéVous étiezVous serez
Ils/elles sontIls/elles ont étéIls/elles étaientIls/elles seront


Ils sont devant le musée. (They are in front of the museum.)

Grammar tip:

“Être” is one of the two most important French verbs to learn when you’re learning French.French verbs conjugation rules (alongside “avoir” — to have). “Être” has irregular conjugations in just about every tense. It also serves as an auxiliary verb in several compound tenses and moods in French (e.g. passé composé).

E.g. Il est parti tard. (He left late.)

2. Avoir (to have)

Présent (Present)Passé composé (Present perfect)Imparfait (Imperfect)Futur simple (Future)
J’aiJ’ai euJ’avaisJ’aurai
Tu asTu as euTu avaisTu auras
Il/elle aIl/elle a euIl/elle avaitIl/elle aura
Nous avonsNous avons euNous avionsNous aurons
Vous avezVous avez euVous aviezVous aurez
Ils/elles ontIls/elles ont euIls/elles avaientIls/elles auront


Nous avons eu deux réunions hier. (We had two meetings yesterday.)

Grammar tip:

Like “être”, “avoir” is an essential French verb and has irregular conjugations. For the vast majority of French verbs conjugation, “avoir” serves as the auxiliary verb in the compound tenses and moods.

E.g. Ils ont déjà vu le film. (They have already seen the film.)

3. Aller (to go)

Présent (Present)Passé composé (Present perfect)Imparfait (Imperfect)Futur simple (Future)
Je vais Je suis allé(e)J’allaisJ’irai
Tu vasTu es allé(e)Tu allaisTu iras
Il/elle vaIl/elle est allé(e)Il/elle allaitIl/elle ira
Nous allonsNous sommes allé(e)sNous allionsNous irons
Vous allezVous êtes allé(e)sVous alliezVous irez
Ils/elles vontIls/elles sont allé(e)sIls/elles allaientIls/elles iront


Ils allaient au parc tous les jours. (They went to the park every day.)

Grammar tip:

Verbs whose auxiliary verb is “être” must show agreement of their past participles in gender (masculine or feminine — add e) and number (singular or plural — add s).


  • Masculine subject → Je suis allé.
  • Feminine subject → Je suis allée.
  • Masculine plural → Ils sont allés.
  • Feminine plural → Elles sont allées.

For a mixed group, always use the masculine form.


  • Thomas et Catherine sont revenus. (Thomas and Catherine came back.)

4. Parler (to speak/talk)

Présent (Present)Passé composé (Present perfect)Imparfait (Imperfect)Futur simple (Future)
Je parleJ’ai parléJe parlaisJe parlerai
Tu parlesTu as parléTu parlaisTu parleras
Il/elle parleIl/elle a parléIl/elle parlaitIl/elle parlera
Nous parlonsNous avons parléNous parlionsNous parlerons
Vous parlezVous avez parléVous parliezVous parlerez
Ils/elles parlentIls/elles ont parléIls/elles parlaientIls/elles parleront


Tu parles si bien l’espagnol ! (You speak Spanish so well!)

(Video) 70+ Common French Verbs with Conjugation · Présent, Futur & Imparfait

Grammar tip:

“Parler” fits the normal pattern for French verbs ending in -er, so it is a ‘regular’ -er verb.

5. Faire (to do)

Présent (Present)Passé composé (Present perfect)Imparfait (Imperfect)Futur simple (Future)
Je faisJ’ai faitJe faisaisJe ferai
Tu faisTu as faitTu faisaisTu feras
Il/elle faitIl/elle a faitIl/elle faisaitIl/elle fera
Nous faisonsNous avons faitNous faisionsNous ferons
Vous faitesVous avez faitVous faisiezVous ferez
Ils/elles fontIls/elles ont faitIls/elles faisaientIls/elles feront


Je fais le gâteau pour son anniversaire. (I’m making the cake for her birthday.)

Note: Unlike in English where the present tense has three different forms (the present simple, the present progressive, and the present emphatic), there is only one present tense in French. Le temps présent in French is used to express both momentary action and progressive action. So, “je fais le gâteau” could be translated as “I make the cake”, “I’m making the cake”, and “I do make the cake”.

Grammar tip:

“Faire” is found in many French idiomatic expressions and is the key to the causative construction (“faire” + infinitive).


  • Il fait froid. (It’s cold.) *Notice that in expressions about the weather, “faire” becomes equivalent to “to be”.
  • Nous faisons du ballet. (We do ballet.)
  • Elle fait des économies pour un voyage au Japon. (She is saving for a trip to Japan.)
  • La pluie fait pousser l’herbe plus vite. (The rain makes the grass grow faster.) *causative construction

6. Prendre (to take)

Présent (Present)Passé composé (Present perfect)Imparfait (Imperfect)Futur simple (Future)
Je prendsJ’ai prisJe prenaisJe prendrai
Tu prendsTu as prisTu prenaisTu prendras
Il/elle prendIl/elle a prisIl/elle prenaitIl/elle prendra
Nous prenonsNous avons prisNous prenionsNous prendrons
Vous prenezVous avez prisVous preniezVous prendrez
Ils/elles prennentIls/elles ont prisIls/elles prenaientIls/elles prendront


Ils ont pris ses bagages par accident ! (They took her luggage by accident!)

Grammar tip:

Like “avoir” and “faire”, the verb “prendre” is one of the most commonly used and comes up in a wide variety of idiomatic expressions in French.


  • Prendre du poids (to gain weight)
  • Prendre son temps (to take one’s time)
  • Prendre garde (to watch out/be careful)

7. Vouloir (to want)

Présent (Present)Passé composé (Present perfect)Imparfait (Imperfect)Futur simple (Future)
Je veuxJ’ai vouluJe voulaisJe voudrai
Tu veuxTu as vouluTu voulaisTu voudras
Il/elle veutIl/elle a vouluIl/elle voulaitIl/elle voudra
Nous voulonsNous avons vouluNous voulionsNous voudrons
Vous voulezVous avez vouluVous vouliezVous voudrez
Ils/elles veulentIls/elles ont vouluIls/elles voulaientIls/elles voudront


Voulez-vous une salade avec votre repas ? (Do you want a salad with your meal?)

Grammar tip:

“Vouloir” can be used to express a want or a desire, or to politely request something. It can also be used to give strong commands or to willingly agree to something, amongst other uses.

  • Desire: Je veux devenir astronaute ! (I want to become an astronaut!)
  • Polite request: Voulez-vous tenir ça pour moi ? (Would you please hold this for me?)
  • Strong command: Je veux qu’il finisse ses tâches avant de sortir. (I want him to finish his chores before he goes out.)

8. Savoir (to know)

Présent (Present)Passé composé (Present perfect)Imparfait (Imperfect)Futur simple (Future)
Je saisJ’ai suJe savaisJe saurai
Tu saisTu as suTu savaisTu sauras
Il/elle saitIl/elle a suIl/elle savaitIl/elle saura
Nous savonsNous avons suNous savionsNous saurons
Vous savezVous avez suVous saviezVous saurez
Ils/elles saventIls/elles ont suIls/elles savaientIls/elles sauront


Nous savions que cela arriverait. (We knew this would happen.)

Grammar tip:

“Savoir” is an irregular French -ir verb, like ouvrir, devoir, falloir, pleuvoir, pouvoir, recevoir, tenir, venir, voir or vouloir.

9. Pouvoir (to be able to)

Présent (Present)Passé composé (Present perfect)Imparfait (Imperfect)Futur simple (Future)
Je peuxJ’ai puJe pouvaisJe pourrai
Tu peuxTu as puTu pouvaisTu pourras
Il/elle peutIl/elle a puIl/elle pouvaitIl/elle pourra
Nous pouvonsNous avons puNous pouvionsNous pourrons
Vous pouvezVous avez puVous pouviezVous pourrez
Ils/elles peuventIls/elles ont puIls/elles pouvaientIls/elles pourront


Peux-tu s’il te plaît préparer le dîner de ce soir ? (Can you please cook the dinner tonight?)

Grammar tip:

(Video) 100 Really Useful French Verbs

“Pouvoir” is very often used to express politeness in French.


Je suis vraiment désolé, mais je ne peux pas vous aider avec ça. (I’m really sorry, but I can’t help you with this.)

10. Venir (to come)

Présent (Present)Passé composé (Present perfect)Imparfait (Imperfect)Futur simple (Future)
Je viensJe suis venu(e)Je venaisJe viendrai
Tu viensTu es venu(e)Tu venaisTu viendras
Il/elle vientIl/elle est venu(e)Il/elle venaitIl/elle viendra
Nous venonsNous sommes venu(e)sNous venionsNous viendrons
Vous venezVous êtes venu(e)sVous veniezVous viendrez
Ils/elles viennentIls/elles sont venu(e)sIls/elles venaientIls/elles viendront


Tu viens demain ? (You’re coming tomorrow?)

Grammar tip:

Like “aller”, “venir” is conjugated with être.

“Venir de” means to “come from”.

Je viens de Moscou. (I come from Moscow.)

If “venir de” is followed by a verb, then it means “have just”.


Elle vient de terminer son devoir. (She has just finished her paper.)

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11. Dire (to say/tell)

Présent (Present)Passé composé (Present perfect)Imparfait (Imperfect)Futur simple (Future)
Je disJ’ai ditJe disaisJe dirai
Tu disTu as ditTu disaisTu diras
Il/elle ditIl/elle a ditIl/elle disaitIl/elle dira
Nous disonsNous avons ditNous disionsNous dirons
Vous ditesVous avez ditVous disiezVous direz
Ils/elles disentIls/elles ont ditIls/elles disaientIls/elles diront


Il a dit à tout le monde que nous allions nous marier. (He told everyone we were getting married.)

Grammar tip:

Most French irregular verbs can be organized into five patterns, but “dire” does not fit into any of them. This means you have to learn its conjugation by heart.

12. Donner (to give)

Présent (Present)Passé composé (Present perfect)Imparfait (Imperfect)Futur simple (Future)
Je donneJ’ai donnéJe donnaisJe donnerai
Tu donnesTu as donnéTu donnaisTu donneras
Il/elle donneIl/elle a donnéIl/elle donnaitIl/elle donnera
Nous donnonsNous avons donnéNous donnionsNous donnerons
Vous donnezVous avez donnéVous donniezVous donnerez
Ils/elles donnentIls/elles ont donnéIls/elles donnaientIls/elles donneront


Non, elle ne lui a pas donné ses livres. (No, she didn’t give him her books.)

Grammar tip:

“Donner” is also used in many idiomatic expressions.

(Video) French Lesson 37 - Common MUST KNOW Verbs MOST USED Basic French verbs expressions - Verbes communs


  • Donner l’exemple (to set an example)
  • Donner l’heure à quelqu’un (to tell someone the time)
  • Donner une fête (to throw a party)

13. Penser (to think)

Présent (Present)Passé composé (Present perfect)Imparfait (Imperfect)Futur simple (Future)
Je penseJ’ai penséJe pensaisJe penserai
Tu pensesTu as penséTu pensaisTu penseras
Il/elle penseIl/elle a penséIl/elle pensaitIl/elle pensera
Nous pensonsNous avons penséNous pensionsNous penserons
Vous pensezVous avez penséVous pensiezVous penserez
Ils/elles pensentIls/elles ont penséIls/elles pensaientIls/elles penseront


Ils y penseront plus tard. (They will think about it later.)

Grammar tip:

  • “Penser à” means “to think about” as “to have someone on your mind”:

Tu penses à elle, n’est-ce pas ? (You are thinking of her, aren’t you?)

  • Penser de means “to think about” in the sense of “having an opinion on”:

Que pensez-vous de cet hôtel ? (What do you think about this hotel?)

14. Aider (to help)

Présent (Present)Passé composé (Present perfect)Imparfait (Imperfect)Futur simple (Future)
J’aideJ’ai aidéJ’aidaisJ’aiderai
Tu aidesTu as aidéTu aidaisTu aideras
Il/elle aideIl/elle a aidéIl/elle aidaitIl/elle aidera
Nous aidonsNous avons aidéNous aidionsNous aiderons
Vous aidezVous avez aidéVous aidiezVous aiderez
Ils/elles aidentIls/elles ont aidéIls/elles aidaientIls/elles aideront


Elle les aidera à déménager. (She will help them move apartments.)

Grammar tip:

“Aider” is a first group verb, so it follows the regular conjugation pattern of the first group verbs that end in -er:

You first remove the -er from the end of the infinitive form of the verb (aider becomes aid). Then, you add the appropriate endings (e.g. in present tense it’s: e, es, e, ons, ez, ent).

15. Aimer (to like/love)

Présent (Present)Passé composé (Present perfect)Imparfait (Imperfect)Futur simple (Future)
J’aimeJ’ai aiméJ’aimaisJ’aimerai
Tu aimesTu as aiméTu aimaisTu aimeras
Il/elle aimeIl/elle a aiméIl/elle aimaitIl/elle aimera
Nous aimonsNous avons aiméNous aimionsNous aimerons
Vous aimezVous avez aiméVous aimiezVous aimerez
Ils/elles aimentIls/elles ont aiméIls/elles aimaientIls/elles aimeront


Ils aimaient jouer ensemble quand ils étaient enfants. (They used to love playing together when they were children.)

Grammar tip:

You can use aimer to express that you love, or are fond of someone or something.

16. Devoir (to have to, to need to)

Présent (Present)Passé composé (Present perfect)Imparfait (Imperfect)Futur simple (Future)
Je doisJ’ai dûJe devaisJe devrai
Tu doisTu as dûTu devaisTu devras
Il/elle doitIl/elle a dûIl/elle devaitIl/elle devra
Nous devonsNous avons dûNous devionsNous devrons
Vous devezVous avez dûVous deviezVous devrez
Ils/elles doiventIls/elles ont dûIls/elles devaientIls/elles devront


Vous devez boire plus d’eau. (You need to drink more water.)

Grammar tip:

It’s easy to confuse “devoir” with “falloir”, which also implies an obligation or necessity. Devoir indicates something that a person is obliged to do, while falloir expresses something that needs to be done. Don’t worry if you’re confused, this is a difficult difference to understand!


  • Je dois lui dire ça. Je ne peux pas mentir ! (I have to tell him this. I can’t lie!)
  • Il faut que je parte. Je vais être en retard ! (I must leave. I’ll be late!)

17. Habiter (to live)

Présent (Present)Passé composé (Present perfect)Imparfait (Imperfect)Futur simple (Future)
J’habiteJ’ai habitéJ’habitaisJ’habiterai
Tu habitesTu as habitéTu habitaisTu habiteras
Il/elle habiteIl/elle a habitéIl/elle habitaitIl/elle habitera
Nous habitonsNous avons habitéNous habitionsNous habiterons
Vous habitezVous avez habitéVous habitiezVous habiterez
Ils/elles habitentIls/elles ont habitéIls/elles habitaientIls/elles habiteront


Elle habitera en Allemagne l’année prochaine. (She will live in Germany next year.)

Grammar tip:

“Habiter” is often followed by a preposition (such as à, en, aux etc.) , but it technically doesn’t require one.

(Video) 100 Verbs Every French Beginner Must-Know

For example, we can say both:

J’habite Londres.

J’habite à Londres.

However, nowadays it’s much more common to place a preposition after the verb “habiter” than not.

18. Regarder (to look, watch)

Présent (Present)Passé composé (Present perfect)Imparfait (Imperfect)Futur simple (Future)
Je regardeJ’ai regardéJe regardaisJe regarderai
Tu regardesTu as regardéTu regardaisTu regarderas
Il/elle regardeIl/elle a regardéIl/elle regardaitIl/elle regardera
Nous regardonsNous avons regardéNous regardionsNous regarderons
Vous regardezVous avez regardéVous regardiezVous regarderez
Ils/elles regardentIls/elles ont regardéIls/elles regardaientIls/elles regarderont


Ses parents regardaient la télé tous les soirs quand on n’était pas là. (His parents watched TV every night when we were away.)

Grammar tip:

The French verb “regarder” is active (to watch, to look), while “voir” is more passive (to see, to view, to witness). We use “regarder” when there’s an intention behind the action, and “voir” when we’re just perceiving or witnessing our surroundings.

Here’s an example to illustrate the difference between the two:

La semaine dernière, j’ai regardé les oiseaux dans la forêt. (Last week, I watched the birds in the forest.)

Meaning: Last week, I intentionally observed the birds in the forest.

La semaine dernière, j‘ai vu beaucoup d’oiseaux dans la forêt. (Last week, I saw many birds in the forest.)

Meaning: Last week, when I was in the forest, I saw a lot of birds. I didn’t focus on them, it wasn’t my intention to see them, I just became aware that they were there.

19. Utiliser (to use)

Présent (Present)Passé composé (Present perfect)Imparfait (Imperfect)Futur simple (Future)
J’utiliseJ’ai utiliséJ’utilisaisJ’utliserai
Tu utilisesTu as utiliséTu utilisaisTu utiliseras
Il/elle utiliseIl/elle a utiliséIl/elle utilisaitIl/elle utilisera
Nous utilisonsNous avons utiliséNous utilisionsNous utiliserons
Vous utilisezVous avez utiliséVous utilisiezVous utiliserez
Ils/elles utilisentIls/elles ont utiliséIls/elles utilisaientIls/elles utiliseront


Avez-vous déjà utilisé cet ordinateur ? (Have you used this computer before?)

Grammar tip:

“Utiliser” is a regular -er verb. It uses the same infinitive endings as the majority of French verbs (e.g. “aimer”, “aider”, “parler”).

20. Essayer (to try)

Présent (Present)Passé composé (Present perfect)Imparfait (Imperfect)Futur simple (Future)
J’essaye/essaieJ’ai essayéJ’essayaisJ’essayerai/essaierai
Tu essayes/essaiesTu as essayéTu essayaisTu essayeras/


Il/elle essaye/essaieIl/elle a essayéIl/elle essayaitIl/elle essayera/


Nous essayonsNous avons essayéNous essayionsNous essayerons/


Vous essayezVous avez essayéVous essayiezVous essayerez/


Ils/elles essayent/essaientIls/elles ont essayéIls/elles essayaientIls/elles essayeront/



Ils ont essayé de se rendre au Panama, mais leur vol était surbooké. (They tried to fly to Panama, but their flight was overbooked.)

Grammar tip:

Usually, with French verbs that end in -yer such as “nettoyer” (to clean), the -y changes to -i before -e, -es and -ent. However, with the verb “essayer”, the -y can, but doesn’t have to change into an -i. So j’essaye and j’essaie, for example, are both correct. This is also the case with some other -ayer verbs such as “payer” (to pay).

Let’s start conjugating!

French verb conjugation rules can easily discourage even the most committed learners.

But you just made an important step! With this French verb conjugation list, you’re ready to start parler le français.

To look up any other French verbs conjugations, check out Reverso Conjugation.

(Video) FRENCH VOCABULARY - The 200 Most Common French Verbs, Audio + Phrase Examples,

To memorise French verb conjugations, the popular French learning Youtuber behind MyFrenchStory recommends speaking the conjugations out loud and spelling the endings, which is how French children learn conjugations at school. You can learn more about that technique and MyFrenchStory here.

Finally, to practice what you learned and use French verbs in real-life contexts, book a 1-on-1 lesson with a French teacher and take your French-speaking to the next level.


What are the 20 most common verbs? ›

25 Most Common Verbs
  • tell.
  • ask.
  • work.
  • seem.
  • feel.
  • try.
  • leave.
  • call.

What are the big 4 verbs in French? ›

Big 4 French verbs
  • etre = to be.
  • avoir = to have.
  • aller = to go.
  • faire = to do.

What are the 17 verbs in French? ›

allé, arrivé, venu, revenu, entré, rentré, descendu, devenu, sorti, parti, resté, retourné, monté, tombé, né et mort.

What is the hardest tense in French? ›

6) Le subjonctif (The Subjunctive Tense)

This is notoriously one of the most difficult tenses for native English-speakers to learn.

What are the 3 most used verbs? ›

The ten most heavily used verbs in the English language are be, have, do, say, make, go, take, come, see, and get. The linguistic feature all these words share is that they are irregular.

What French verbs should I learn first? ›

Check out the 50 most common verbs and start using them in your French!
  • Être (to be) Behold: the undisputed most common verb in the French language. ...
  • Avoir (to have) ...
  • Aller (to go) ...
  • Pouvoir (to be able to) ...
  • Vouloir (to want) ...
  • Faire (to do) ...
  • Parler (to speak) ...
  • Demander (to ask)
1 Jun 2022

What are the 17 Mrs Vandertramp verbs? ›

They are the Mrs Vandertramp verbs, and they are these:
  • Monter (elle est montée)
  • Retourner (elle est retournée)
  • Sortir (elle est sortie)
  • Venir (elle est venue)
  • Aller (elle est allée)
  • Naître (elle est née)
  • Descendre (elle est descendue)
  • Entrer (elle est entrée)
6 May 2015

How many French verbs are there in total? ›

There are about 370 verbs in this group, though a much smaller number are still in frequent use.

Is French SVO or SOV? ›

Rule #1: French is SVO

Like many other languages throughout the world, French is what we call an SVO language. This means that the default word order is: Subject – Verb – Object.

What are the 24 main verbs? ›

24 Modal Auxiliary Verbs are can, could, shall, should, will, would, may, might, must, dare, need, used to, ought to, etc 24 Modal Auxiliary Verbs With Examples …

What are the 100 regular verbs? ›

100 Examples of Regular Verbs
26 more rows

What are 10 ER verbs in French? ›

Some Other Common Regular ER Verbs
  • apporter - to bring.
  • chanter - to sing.
  • chercher - to look for.
  • danser - to danse.
  • demander - to ask.
  • écouter - to listen to.
  • étudier - to study.
  • jouer - to play.

What are the 6 verbs in French? ›

6 French Verb Tenses You Must Know
  • Present tense (le présent)
  • Compound past (passé composé)
  • Imperfect (l'imparfait)
  • Simple future (le futur simple)
  • Conditional (le conditionnel présent)
  • Present subjunctive (le présent du subjonctif)
16 Oct 2015

What are the 200 verbs? ›

200 Most Important Irregular Verb forms in English
94 more rows

What is the 2 verb rule in French? ›

In French, two conjugated verbs in a row is a no-no (or should I say a non-non). So, for example, if you want to say “I like to run,” only the verb aimer (to like) would be conjugated: J'aime courir. (I like to run.)

What are the 7 tenses in French? ›

French Indicative Verb Tenses
  • Présent (present) ...
  • Imparfait (imperfect) ...
  • Passé simple (simple past) ...
  • Passé composé (past perfect) ...
  • Futur simple (future simple) ...
  • Plus-que-parfait (pluperfect) ...
  • Passé antérieur (past anterior)
  • Futur antérieur (future anterior)
18 Sept 2020

Is French tougher than English? ›

French is not as hard to learn as it is considered by most of the people, especially when compared to English. In fact, it is a language that's much easier to achieve fluency in than you'd have ever expected. English is inconsistent when it comes to pronunciation.

Is French or Greek harder? ›

Greek can be a slightly challenging language to learn. For English speakers, it's certainly going to be more difficult than languages like French, German and Spanish, but much easier than languages like Mandarin or Korean.

Is French harder than Spanish? ›

Learning Spanish or French

All in all, neither language is definitively more or less difficult than the other. Spanish is arguably somewhat easier for the first year or so of learning, in large part because beginners may struggle less with pronunciation than their French-studying colleagues.

What are the 15 verbs in French? ›

15 Common French Verbs
  • Être – To Be. No one will argue that the verb être (to be) is the most common verb in the French language. ...
  • Avoir – To Have. ...
  • Faire – To Do, To Make. ...
  • Dire – To Say, To Tell. ...
  • Aller - To Go. ...
  • Pouvoir - To Be Able To. ...
  • Vouloir - To Want. ...
  • Devoir – Must, To Have To.
9 Feb 2022

What are the 3 types of verbs in French? ›

French verbs are conventionally divided into three conjugations (conjugaisons) with the following grouping:
  • 1st group: verbs ending in -er (except aller, envoyer, and renvoyer).
  • 2nd group: verbs ending in -ir, with the gerund ending in -issant.
  • 3rd group: verbs ending in -re (with the exception of irregular verbs).

Is suis a verb in French? ›

In il/elle/on est form, the s is not pronounced. In the vous êtes form, the s is pronounced as a or z to link with the vowel ê in êtes.
2.4 The Verb Être.
1st personJe suisI am
2nd personTu esYou are
3rd personIl est Elle est On estHe/it is She/it is One/we is

Is 3 months enough to learn French? ›

Depending on your goals, native language, study method and time, and motivation, within 6 months to 3 years you should be able to speak French at a good level. It will take longer if you're following a secondary school curriculum or want to totally master French for a career in something like interpreting.

What is the easiest French word? ›

Basic French words at a glance

Bonjour. Hello. Merci. Thank you. Merci beaucoup.

Can we learn French in 1 month? ›

The reality is that there's a lot of material you'll need to cover to learn French in 30 days. However, don't be overwhelmed. Take it day-by-day, and re-adjust your learning plan every so often if you have to.

What are the 14 irregular verbs in French? ›

Common Irregular French Verbs
  • aller – to go. Je vais. Tu vas. Il/Elle va. ...
  • avoir – to have. J'ai. Tu as. ...
  • dire – to say, to tell. Je dis. Tu dis. ...
  • être – to be. Je suis. Tu es. ...
  • faire – to make, to do. Je fais. Tu fais. ...
  • pouvoir – to be able to do. Je peux. Tu peux. ...
  • savoir – to know, to know how to. Je sais. Tu sais. ...
  • voir – to see. Je vois. Tu vois.

How do you know if its être or avoir? ›

In short, it's said that these verbs must use être when there is no direct object and avoir when there is a direct object. More on this in a moment. In addition to these verbs, reflexive verbs take être as their auxiliary (reflexive verbs have a se in their infinitive).

Is Dr Mrs Vandertramp avoir or être? ›

Well, the VANDERTRAMP verbs use être as opposed to avoir when placed into the past tense.

What are the 3 irregular verbs in French? ›

The Big Four Irregular French Verbs (Être, Avoir, Aller and Faire)

What are the 5 tenses in French? ›

Five past forms, which are imparfait (imperfect), passé composé (compound past), passé simple (simple past), plus-que-parfait (pluperfect) and passé antérieur (anterior past). Two future forms, which are futur (future) and futur antérieur (future anterior).

What is the perfect tense in French? ›

The perfect tense is used in French to describe completed actions or events. It is made up of two parts, which is why it is called le passé composé ('compound past') in French. The first part is either the verb avoir or the verb être, the second part is the past participle of the main verb.

Is Irish VOS or VSO? ›

Verb-Subject-Object (VSO)

Languages that use VSO include Arabic, Classic Maya, Egyptian, Filipino, Hawaiian, Irish, Scottish Gaelic and Tongan.

Is French grammar hard? ›

Is French Grammar Easy? Many people choose to learn French over other languages because they've heard that French grammar is relatively easy to learn. While it's true that French grammar rules aren't necessarily hard, they do take patience and practice to master, just like with any new skill.

Is China a SOV? ›

Chinese. Generally, Chinese varieties all feature SVO word order. However, especially in Standard Mandarin, SOV is tolerated as well.

What are the 10 most common verbs? ›

The ten most heavily used verbs in the English language are be, have, do, say, make, go, take, come, see, and get. The linguistic feature all these words share is that they are irregular.

What are the 16 verbs in French? ›

Terms in this set (16)
  • Aller. allé
  • Venir. venu.
  • Revenir. revenu.
  • Devenir. devenu.
  • Rester. resté
  • Arriver. arrivé
  • Entrer. entré
  • Rentrer. rentré

What are the 23 main verbs? ›

To the tune of "Jingle Bells", he sang: Helping verbs, helping verbs, there are 23! Am, is, are, was and were, being, been, and be, Have, has, had, do, does, did, will, would, shall and should.

What are the 3 types of regular French verbs? ›

In French, regular verbs are grouped into three main families — ‐ er, ‐ir, and ‐ re — because these are their endings in the infinitive form.

What are 5 reflexive verbs in French? ›

117 French Reflexive Verbs List
  • s'abonner à = to subscribe to.
  • s'adapter à = to adapt to.
  • s'adresser à = to talk to someone.
  • s'agenouiller = to get on one's knees.
  • s'allonger = to lie down.
  • s'appeler = to be named.
  • s'approcher de qq'un = to get closer to someone.
  • s'appuyer sur/contre/à = to lean against.
7 Jun 2021

What are the most important French tenses? ›

6 French Verb Tenses You Must Know
  • Present tense (le présent)
  • Compound past (passé composé)
  • Imperfect (l'imparfait)
  • Simple future (le futur simple)
  • Conditional (le conditionnel présent)
  • Present subjunctive (le présent du subjonctif)
16 Oct 2015


1. All French Verb Tenses Simplified
(French Learning Hub)
2. All 18 French Verb Tenses Explained in 12 Minutes! How Many Do You Know?
(The Travelling Linguist)
3. French Verbs: Most Common Conjugation in Sentences
4. TOP 10 French Verbs (part 1/2)
(French Truly TV)
5. The 400 most used French verbs
6. The 3 French verb groups
(Learn French With Alexa)
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